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Paradise Lost in Plain English
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Paradise Lost

~ BOOK VIII ~

  1. The Angel ended, and in Adams Eare
  2. So Charming left his voice, that he a while
  3. Thought him still speaking, still stood fixt to hear;
  4. Then as new wak't thus gratefully repli'd.
  5. What thanks sufficient, or what recompence
  6. Equal have I to render thee, Divine
  7. Hystorian, who thus largely hast allayd
  8. The thirst I had of knowledge, and voutsaf't
  9. This friendly condescention to relate
  10. Things else by me unsearchable, now heard
  11. With wonder, but delight, and, as is due,
  12. With glorie attributed to the high
  13. Creator; something yet of doubt remaines,
  14. Which onely thy solution can resolve.
  15. When I behold this goodly Frame, this World
  16. Of Heav'n and Earth consisting, and compute,
  17. Thir magnitudes, this Earth a spot, a graine,
  18. An Atom, with the Firmament compar'd
  19. And all her numberd Starrs, that seem to rowle
  20. Spaces incomprehensible (for such
  21. Thir distance argues and thir swift return
  22. Diurnal) meerly to officiate light
  23. Round this opacous Earth, this punctual spot,
  24. One day and night; in all thir vast survey
  25. Useless besides, reasoning I oft admire,
  26. How Nature wise and frugal could commit
  27. Such disproportions, with superfluous hand
  28. So many nobler Bodies to create,
  29. Greater so manifold to this one use,
  30. For aught appeers, and on thir Orbs impose
  31. Such restless revolution day by day
  32. Repeated, while the sedentarie Earth,
  33. That better might with farr less compass move,
  34. Serv'd by more noble then her self, attaines
  35. Her end without least motion, and receaves,
  36. As Tribute such a sumless journey brought
  37. Of incorporeal speed, her warmth and light;
  38. Speed, to describe whose swiftness Number failes.
  39. So spake our Sire, and by his count'nance seemd
  40. Entring on studious thoughts abstruse, which Eve
  41. Perceaving where she sat retir'd in sight,
  42. With lowliness Majestic from her seat,
  43. And Grace that won who saw to wish her stay,
  44. Rose, and went forth among her Fruits and Flours,
  45. To visit how they prosper'd, bud and bloom,
  46. Her Nurserie; they at her coming sprung
  47. And toucht by her fair tendance gladlier grew.
..............

IN PLAIN ENGLISH

. CHAPTER 8

  1. Adam was so charmed listening to the angel that he was in a kind of daze.
  2. He snapped out of it and said:

  3. How can I ever thank you for telling me this amazing story, and teaching me things I would never find out otherwise.

  4. It shows how glorious God is too.

  5. But there's one more thing I'm curious about--something only you could answer.

  6. When I think about how tiny the Earth is compared to the sky and all the many stars, and the immense distances they must have to travel every day around this Earth just to give us some light here at night, and how that's their only purpose--
  7. I have to wonder why Nature would waste all that energy, when it would be so much easier for the Earth to move the little bit it would need to move, instead of the stars, to get the same result.



  8. When Eve saw that Adam was getting so heady with his thoughts, she decided to leave.
  9. (If anybody was paying attention, they would have asked her to stay, she was so beautiful.)
  10. She went out into the garden, and all the fruits and flowers seemed to perk up as soon as she walked by or touched them.
  1. Yet went she not, as not with such discourse
  2. Delighted, or not capable her eare
  3. Of what was high: such pleasure she reserv'd,
  4. Adam relating, she sole Auditress;
  5. Her Husband the Relater she preferr'd
  6. Before the Angel, and of him to ask
  7. Chose rather: hee, she knew would intermix
  8. Grateful digressions, and solve high dispute
  9. With conjugal Caresses, from his Lip
  10. Not Words alone pleas'd her. O when meet now
  11. Such pairs, in Love and mutual Honour joyn'd?
  12. With Goddess-like demeanour forth she went;
  13. Not unattended, for on her as Queen
  14. A pomp of winning Graces waited still,
  15. And from about her shot Darts of desire
  16. Into all Eyes to wish her still in sight.
  17. And Raphael now to Adam's doubt propos'd
  18. Benevolent and facil thus repli'd.
  19. To ask or search I blame thee not, for Heav'n
  20. Is as the Book of God before thee set,
  21. Wherein to read his wondrous Works, and learne
  22. His Seasons, Hours, or Dayes, or Months, or Yeares:
  23. This to attain, whether Heav'n move or Earth,
  24. Imports not, if thou reck'n right, the rest
  25. From Man or Angel the great Architect
  26. Did wisely to conceal, and not divulge
  27. His secrets to be scann'd by them who ought
  28. Rather admire; or if they list to try
  29. Conjecture, he his Fabric of the Heav'ns
  30. Hath left to thir disputes, perhaps to move
  31. His laughter at thir quaint Opinions wide
  32. Hereafter, when they come to model Heav'n
  33. And calculate the Starrs, how they will weild
  34. The mightie frame, how build, unbuild, contrive
  35. To save appeerances, how gird the Sphear
  36. With Centric and Eccentric scribl'd o're,
  37. Cycle and Epicycle, Orb in Orb:
  38. Alreadie by thy reasoning this I guess,
  39. Who art to lead thy ofspring, and supposest
  40. That bodies bright and greater should not serve
  41. The less not bright, nor Heav'n such journies run,
  42. Earth sitting still, when she alone receaves
  43. The benefit: consider first, that Great
  44. Or Bright inferrs not Excellence: the Earth
  45. Though, in comparison of Heav'n, so small,
  46. Nor glistering, may of solid good containe
  47. More plenty then the Sun that barren shines,
  48. Whose vertue on it self workes no effect,
  49. But in the fruitful Earth; there first receavd
  50. His beams, unactive else, thir vigour find.
  51. Yet not to Earth are those bright Luminaries
  52. Officious, but to thee Earths habitant.
  53. And for the Heav'ns wide Circuit, let it speak
  54. The Makers high magnificence, who built
  55. So spacious, and his Line stretcht out so farr;
  56. That Man may know he dwells not in his own;
  57. An Edifice too large for him to fill,
  58. Lodg'd in a small partition, and the rest
  59. Ordain'd for uses to his Lord best known.
  60. The swiftness of those Circles attribute,
  61. Though numberless, to his Omnipotence,
  62. That to corporeal substances could adde
  63. Speed almost Spiritual; mee thou thinkst not slow,
  64. Who since the Morning hour set out from Heav'n
  65. Where God resides, and ere mid-day arriv'd
  66. In Eden, distance inexpressible
  67. By Numbers that have name. But this I urge,
  68. Admitting Motion in the Heav'ns, to shew
  69. Invalid that which thee to doubt it mov'd;
  70. Not that I so affirm, though so it seem
  71. To thee who hast thy dwelling here on Earth.
  72. God to remove his wayes from human sense,
  73. Plac'd Heav'n from Earth so farr, that earthly sight,
  74. If it presume, might erre in things too high,
  75. And no advantage gaine. What if the Sun
  76. Be Centre to the World, and other Starrs
  77. By his attractive vertue and their own
  78. Incited, dance about him various rounds?
  79. Thir wandring course now high, now low, then hid,
  80. Progressive, retrograde, or standing still,
  81. In six thou seest, and what if sev'nth to these
  82. The Planet Earth, so stedfast though she seem,
  83. Insensibly three different Motions move?
  84. Which else to several Spheres thou must ascribe,
  85. Mov'd contrarie with thwart obliquities,
  86. Or save the Sun his labour, and that swift
  87. Nocturnal and Diurnal rhomb suppos'd,
  88. Invisible else above all Starrs, the Wheele
  89. Of Day and Night; which needs not thy beleefe,
  90. If Earth industrious of her self fetch Day
  91. Travelling East, and with her part averse
  92. From the Suns beam meet Night, her other part
  93. Still luminous by his ray. What if that light
  94. Sent from her through the wide transpicuous aire,
  95. To the terrestrial Moon be as a Starr
  96. Enlightning her by Day, as she by Night
  97. This Earth? reciprocal, if Land be there,
  98. Fields and Inhabitants: Her spots thou seest
  99. As Clouds, and Clouds may rain, and Rain produce
  100. Fruits in her soft'nd Soile, for some to eate
  101. Allotted there; and other Suns perhaps
  102. With thir attendant Moons thou wilt descrie
  103. Communicating Male and Femal Light,
  104. Which two great Sexes animate the World,
  105. Stor'd in each Orb perhaps with some that live.
  106. For such vast room in Nature unpossest
  107. By living Soule, desert and desolate,
  108. Onely to shine, yet scarce to contribute
  109. Each Orb a glimps of Light, conveyd so farr
  110. Down to this habitable, which returnes
  111. Light back to them, is obvious to dispute.
  112. But whether thus these things, or whether not,
  113. Whether the Sun predominant in Heav'n
  114. Rise on the Earth, or Earth rise on the Sun,
  115. Hee from the East his flaming rode begin,
  116. Or Shee from West her silent course advance
  117. With inoffensive pace that spinning sleeps
  118. On her soft Axle, while she paces Eev'n,
  119. And beares thee soft with the smooth Air along,
  120. Sollicit not thy thoughts with matters hid,
  121. Leave them to God above, him serve and feare;
  122. Of other Creatures, as him pleases best,
  123. Wherever plac't, let him dispose: joy thou
  124. In what he gives to thee, this Paradise
  125. And thy faire Eve; Heav'n is for thee too high
  126. To know what passes there; be lowlie wise:
  127. Think onely what concernes thee and thy being;
  128. Dream not of other Worlds, what Creatures there
  129. Live, in what state, condition or degree,
  130. Contented that thus farr hath been reveal'd
  131. Not of Earth onely but of highest Heav'n.
  132. To whom thus Adam cleerd of doubt, repli'd.
  133. How fully hast thou satisfi'd me, pure
  134. Intelligence of Heav'n, Angel serene,
  135. And freed from intricacies, taught to live
  136. The easiest way, nor with perplexing thoughts
  137. To interrupt the sweet of Life, from which
  138. God hath bid dwell farr off all anxious cares,
  139. And not molest us, unless we our selves
  140. Seek them with wandring thoughts, and notions vain.
  141. But apt the Mind or Fancy is to roave
  142. Uncheckt, and of her roaving is no end;
  143. Till warn'd, or by experience taught, she learne,
  144. That not to know at large of things remote
  145. From use, obscure and suttle, but to know
  146. That which before us lies in daily life,
  147. Is the prime Wisdom, what is more, is fume,
  148. Or emptiness, or fond impertinence,
  149. And renders us in things that most concerne
  150. Unpractis'd, unprepar'd, and still to seek.
  151. Therefore from this high pitch let us descend
  152. A lower flight, and speak of things at hand
  153. Useful, whence haply mention may arise
  154. Of somthing not unseasonable to ask
  155. By sufferance, and thy wonted favour deign'd.
  156. Thee I have heard relating what was don
  157. Ere my remembrance: now hear mee relate
  158. My Storie, which perhaps thou hast not heard;
  159. And Day is yet not spent; till then thou seest
  160. How suttly to detaine thee I devise,
  161. Inviting thee to hear while I relate,
  162. Fond, were it not in hope of thy reply:
  163. For while I sit with thee, I seem in Heav'n,
  164. And sweeter thy discourse is to my eare
  165. Then Fruits of Palm-tree pleasantest to thirst
  166. And hunger both, from labour, at the houre
  167. Of sweet repast; they satiate, and soon fill,
  168. Though pleasant, but thy words with Grace Divine
  169. Imbu'd, bring to thir sweetness no satietie.
  170. To whom thus Raphael answer'd heav'nly meek.
  171. Nor are thy lips ungraceful, Sire of men,
  172. Nor tongue ineloquent; for God on thee
  173. Abundantly his gifts hath also pour'd
  174. Inward and outward both, his image faire:
  175. Speaking or mute all comliness and grace
  176. Attends thee, and each word, each motion formes
  177. Nor less think wee in Heav'n of thee on Earth
  178. Then of our fellow servant, and inquire
  179. Gladly into the wayes of God with Man:
  180. For God we see hath honour'd thee, and set
  181. On Man his Equal Love: say therefore on;
  182. For I that Day was absent, as befell,
  183. Bound on a voyage uncouth and obscure,
  184. Farr on excursion toward the Gates of Hell;
  185. Squar'd in full Legion (such command we had)
  186. To see that none thence issu'd forth a spie,
  187. Or enemie, while God was in his work,
  188. Least hee incenst at such eruption bold,
  189. Destruction with Creation might have mixt.
  190. Not that they durst without his leave attempt,
  191. But us he sends upon his high behests
  192. For state, as Sovran King, and to enure
  193. Our prompt obedience. Fast we found, fast shut
  194. The dismal Gates, and barricado'd strong;
  195. But long ere our approaching heard within
  196. Noise, other then the sound of Dance or Song,
  197. Torment, and loud lament, and furious rage.
  198. Glad we return'd up to the coasts of Light
  199. Ere Sabbath Eev'ning: so we had in charge.
  200. But thy relation now; for I attend,
  201. Pleas'd with thy words no less then thou with mine.
  202. So spake the Godlike Power, and thus our Sire.
  203. For Man to tell how human Life began
  204. Is hard; for who himself beginning knew?
  205. Desire with thee still longer to converse
  206. Induc'd me. As new wak't from soundest sleep
  207. Soft on the flourie herb I found me laid
  208. In Balmie Sweat, which with his Beames the Sun
  209. Soon dri'd, and on the reaking moisture fed.
  210. Strait toward Heav'n my wondring Eyes I turnd,
  211. And gaz'd a while the ample Skie, till rais'd
  212. By quick instinctive motion up I sprung,
  213. As thitherward endevoring, and upright
  214. Stood on my feet; about me round I saw
  215. Hill, Dale, and shadie Woods, and sunnie Plaines,
  216. And liquid Lapse of murmuring Streams; by these,
  217. Creatures that livd, and movd, and walk'd, or flew,
  218. Birds on the branches warbling; all things smil'd,
  219. With fragrance and with joy my heart oreflow'd.
  220. My self I then perus'd, and Limb by Limb
  221. Survey'd, and sometimes went, and sometimes ran
  222. With supple joints, as lively vigour led:
  223. But who I was, or where, or from what cause,
  224. Knew not; to speak I tri'd, and forthwith spake,
  225. My Tongue obey'd and readily could name
  226. What e're I saw. Thou Sun, said I, faire Light,
  227. And thou enlight'nd Earth, so fresh and gay,
  228. Ye Hills and Dales, ye Rivers, Woods, and Plaines,
  229. And ye that live and move, fair Creatures, tell,
  230. Tell, if ye saw, how came I thus, how here?
  231. Not of my self; by some great Maker then,
  232. In goodness and in power preminent;
  233. Tell me, how may I know him, how adore,
  234. From whom I have that thus I move and live,
  235. And feel that I am happier then I know.
  236. While thus I call'd, and stray'd I knew not whither,
  237. From where I first drew Aire, and first beheld
  238. This happie Light, when answer none return'd,
  239. On a green shadie Bank profuse of Flours
  240. Pensive I sate me down; there gentle sleep
  241. First found me, and with soft oppression seis'd
  242. My droused sense, untroubl'd, though I thought
  243. I then was passing to my former state
  244. Insensible, and forthwith to dissolve:
  245. When suddenly stood at my Head a dream,
  246. Whose inward apparition gently mov'd
  247. My Fancy to believe I yet had being,
  248. And livd: One came, methought, of shape Divine,
  249. And said, thy Mansion wants thee, Adam, rise,
  250. First Man, of Men innumerable ordain'd
  251. First Father, call'd by thee I come thy Guide
  252. To the Garden of bliss, thy seat prepar'd.
  253. So saying, by the hand he took me rais'd,
  254. And over Fields and Waters, as in Aire
  255. Smooth sliding without step, last led me up
  256. A woodie Mountain; whose high top was plaine,
  257. A Circuit wide, enclos'd, with goodliest Trees
  258. Planted, with Walks, and Bowers, that what I saw
  259. Of Earth before scarce pleasant seemd. Each Tree
  260. Load'n with fairest Fruit, that hung to the Eye
  261. Tempting, stirr'd in me sudden appetite
  262. To pluck and eate; whereat I wak'd, and found
  263. Before mine Eyes all real, as the dream
  264. Had lively shadowd: Here had new begun
  265. My wandring, had not hee who was my Guide
  266. Up hither, from among the Trees appeer'd,
  267. Presence Divine. Rejoycing, but with aw,
  268. In adoration at his feet I fell
  269. Submiss: he rear'd me, and Whom thou soughtst I am,
  270. Said mildely, Author of all this thou seest
  271. Above, or round about thee or beneath.
  272. This Paradise I give thee, count it thine
  273. To Till and keep, and of the Fruit to eate:
  274. Of every Tree that in the Garden growes
  275. Eate freely with glad heart; fear here no dearth:
  276. But of the Tree whose operation brings
  277. Knowledg of good and ill, which I have set
  278. The Pledge of thy Obedience and thy Faith,
  279. Amid the Garden by the Tree of Life,
  280. Remember what I warne thee, shun to taste,
  281. And shun the bitter consequence: for know,
  282. The day thou eat'st thereof, my sole command
  283. Transgrest, inevitably thou shalt dye;
  284. From that day mortal, and this happie State
  285. Shalt loose, expell'd from hence into a World
  286. Of woe and sorrow. Sternly he pronounc'd
  287. The rigid interdiction, which resounds
  288. Yet dreadful in mine eare, though in my choice
  289. Not to incur; but soon his cleer aspect
  290. Return'd and gracious purpose thus renew'd.
  291. Not onely these fair bounds, but all the Earth
  292. To thee and to thy Race I give; as Lords
  293. Possess it, and all things that therein live,
  294. Or live in Sea, or Aire, Beast, Fish, and Fowle.
  295. In signe whereof each Bird and Beast behold
  296. After thir kindes; I bring them to receave
  297. From thee thir Names, and pay thee fealtie
  298. With low subjection; understand the same
  299. Of Fish within thir watry residence,
  300. Not hither summon'd, since they cannot change
  301. Thir Element to draw the thinner Aire.
  302. As thus he spake, each Bird and Beast behold
  303. Approaching two and two, These cowring low
  304. With blandishment, each Bird stoop'd on his wing.
  305. I nam'd them, as they pass'd, and understood
  306. Thir Nature, with such knowledg God endu'd
  307. My sudden apprehension: but in these
  308. I found not what me thought I wanted still;
  309. And to the Heav'nly vision thus presum'd.
  310. O by what Name, for thou above all these,
  311. Above mankinde, or aught then mankinde higher,
  312. Surpassest farr my naming, how may I
  313. Adore thee, Author of this Universe,
  314. And all this good to man, for whose well being
  315. So amply, and with hands so liberal
  316. Thou hast provided all things: but with mee
  317. I see not who partakes. In solitude
  318. What happiness, who can enjoy alone,
  319. Or all enjoying, what contentment find?
  320. Thus I presumptuous; and the vision bright,
  321. As with a smile more bright'nd, thus repli'd.
  322. What call'st thou solitude, is not the Earth
  323. With various living creatures, and the Aire
  324. Replenisht, and all these at thy command
  325. To come and play before thee; know'st thou not
  326. Thir language and thir wayes? They also know,
  327. And reason not contemptibly; with these
  328. Find pastime, and beare rule; thy Realm is large.
  329. So spake the Universal Lord, and seem'd
  330. So ordering. I with leave of speech implor'd,
  331. And humble deprecation thus repli'd.
  332. Let not my words offend thee, Heav'nly Power,
  333. My Maker, be propitious while I speak.
  334. Hast thou not made me here thy substitute,
  335. And these inferiour farr beneath me set?
  336. Among unequals what societie
  337. Can sort, what harmonie or true delight?
  338. Which must be mutual, in proportion due
  339. Giv'n and receiv'd; but in disparitie
  340. The one intense, the other still remiss
  341. Cannot well suite with either, but soon prove
  342. Tedious alike: Of fellowship I speak
  343. Such as I seek, fit to participate
  344. All rational delight, wherein the brute
  345. Cannot be human consort; they rejoyce
  346. Each with thir kinde, Lion with Lioness;
  347. So fitly them in pairs thou hast combin'd;
  348. Much less can Bird with Beast, or Fish with Fowle
  349. So well converse, nor with the Ox the Ape;
  350. Wors then can Man with Beast, and least of all.
  351. Whereto th' Almighty answer'd, not displeas'd.
  352. A nice and suttle happiness I see
  353. Thou to thyself proposest, in the choice
  354. Of thy Associates, Adam, and wilt taste
  355. No pleasure, though in pleasure, solitarie.
  356. What think'st thou then of mee, and this my State,
  357. Seem I to thee sufficiently possest
  358. Of happiness, or not? who am alone
  359. From all Eternitie, for none I know
  360. Second to mee or like, equal much less.
  361. How have I then with whom to hold converse
  362. Save with the Creatures which I made, and those
  363. To me inferiour, infinite descents
  364. Beneath what other Creatures are to thee?
  365. He ceas'd, I lowly answer'd. To attaine
  366. The highth and depth of thy Eternal wayes
  367. All human thoughts come short, Supream of things;
  368. Thou in thy self art perfet, and in thee
  369. Is no deficience found; not so is Man,
  370. But in degree, the cause of his desire
  371. By conversation with his like to help,
  372. Or solace his defects. No need that thou
  373. Shouldst propagat, already infinite;
  374. And through all numbers absolute, though One;
  375. But Man by number is to manifest
  376. His single imperfection, and beget
  377. Like of his like, his Image multipli'd,
  378. In unitie defective, which requires
  379. Collateral love, and deerest amitie.
  380. Thou in thy secresie although alone,
  381. Best with thy self accompanied, seek'st not
  382. Social communication, yet so pleas'd,
  383. Canst raise thy Creature to what highth thou wilt
  384. Of Union or Communion, deifi'd;
  385. I by conversing cannot these erect
  386. From prone, nor in thir wayes complacence find.
  387. Thus I embold'nd spake, and freedom us'd
  388. Permissive, and acceptance found, which gain'd
  389. This answer from the gratious voice Divine.
  390. Thus farr to try thee, Adam, I was pleas'd,
  391. And finde thee knowing not of Beasts alone,
  392. Which thou hast rightly nam'd, but of thy self,
  393. Expressing well the spirit within thee free,
  394. My Image, not imparted to the Brute,
  395. Whose fellowship therefore unmeet for thee
  396. Good reason was thou freely shouldst dislike,
  397. And be so minded still; I, ere thou spak'st,
  398. Knew it not good for Man to be alone,
  399. And no such companie as then thou saw'st
  400. Intended thee, for trial onely brought,
  401. To see how thou could'st judge of fit and meet:
  402. What next I bring shall please thee, be assur'd,
  403. Thy likeness, thy fit help, thy other self,
  404. Thy wish, exactly to thy hearts desire.
  405. Hee ended, or I heard no more, for now
  406. My earthly by his Heav'nly overpowerd,
  407. Which it had long stood under, streind to the highth
  408. In that celestial Colloquie sublime,
  409. As with an object that excels the sense,
  410. Dazl'd and spent, sunk down, and sought repair
  411. Of sleep, which instantly fell on me, call'd
  412. By Nature as in aide, and clos'd mine eyes.
  413. Mine eyes he clos'd, but op'n left the Cell
  414. Of Fancie my internal sight, by which
  415. Abstract as in a transe methought I saw,
  416. Though sleeping, where I lay, and saw the shape
  417. Still glorious before whom awake I stood;
  418. Who stooping op'nd my left side, and took
  419. From thence a Rib, with cordial spirits warme,
  420. And Life-blood streaming fresh; wide was the wound,
  421. But suddenly with flesh fill'd up and heal'd:
  422. The Rib he formd and fashond with his hands;
  423. Under his forming hands a Creature grew,
  424. Manlike, but different sex, so lovly faire,
  425. That what seemd fair in all the World, seemd now
  426. Mean, or in her summ'd up, in her containd
  427. And in her looks, which from that time infus'd
  428. Sweetness into my heart, unfelt before,
  429. And into all things from her Aire inspir'd
  430. The spirit of love and amorous delight.
  431. Shee disappeerd, and left me dark, I wak'd
  432. To find her, or for ever to deplore
  433. Her loss, and other pleasures all abjure:
  434. When out of hope, behold her, not farr off,
  435. Such as I saw her in my dream, adornd
  436. With what all Earth or Heaven could bestow
  437. To make her amiable: On she came,
  438. Led by her Heav'nly Maker, though unseen,
  439. And guided by his voice, nor uninformd
  440. Of nuptial Sanctitie and marriage Rites:
  441. Grace was in all her steps, Heav'n in her Eye,
  442. In every gesture dignitie and love.
  443. I overjoyd could not forbear aloud.
  444. This turn hath made amends; thou hast fulfill'd
  445. Thy words, Creator bounteous and benigne,
  446. Giver of all things faire, but fairest this
  447. Of all thy gifts, nor enviest. I now see
  448. Bone of my Bone, Flesh of my Flesh, my Self
  449. Before me; Woman is her Name, of Man
  450. Extracted; for this cause he shall forgoe
  451. Father and Mother, and to his Wife adhere;
  452. And they shall be one Flesh, one Heart, one Soule.
  453. She heard me thus, and though divinely brought,
  454. Yet Innocence and Virgin Modestie,
  455. Her vertue and the conscience of her worth,
  456. That would be woo'd, and not unsought be won,
  457. Not obvious, not obtrusive, but retir'd,
  458. The more desirable, or to say all,
  459. Nature her self, though pure of sinful thought,
  460. Wrought in her so, that seeing me, she turn'd;
  461. I follow'd her, she what was Honour knew,
  462. And with obsequious Majestie approv'd
  463. My pleaded reason. To the Nuptial Bowre
  464. I led her blushing like the Morn: all Heav'n,
  465. And happie Constellations on that houre
  466. Shed thir selectest influence; the Earth
  467. Gave sign of gratulation, and each Hill;
  468. Joyous the Birds; fresh Gales and gentle Aires
  469. Whisper'd it to the Woods, and from thir wings
  470. Flung Rose, flung Odours from the spicie Shrub,
  471. Disporting, till the amorous Bird of Night
  472. Sung Spousal, and bid haste the Eevning Starr
  473. On his Hill top, to light the bridal Lamp.
  474. Thus I have told thee all my State, and brought
  475. My Storie to the sum of earthly bliss
  476. Which I enjoy, and must confess to find
  477. In all things else delight indeed, but such
  478. As us'd or not, works in the mind no change,
  479. Nor vehement desire, these delicacies
  480. I mean of Taste, Sight, Smell, Herbs, Fruits and Flours,
  481. Walks, and the melodie of Birds; but here
  482. Farr otherwise, transported I behold,
  483. Transported touch; here passion first I felt,
  484. Commotion strange, in all enjoyments else
  485. Superiour and unmov'd, here onely weake
  486. Against the charm of Beauties powerful glance.
  487. Or Nature faild in mee, and left some part
  488. Not proof enough such Object to sustain,
  489. Or from my side subducting, took perhaps
  490. More then enough; at least on her bestow'd
  491. Too much of Ornament, in outward shew
  492. Elaborate, of inward less exact.
  493. For well I understand in the prime end
  494. Of Nature her th' inferiour, in the mind
  495. And inward Faculties, which most excell,
  496. In outward also her resembling less
  497. His Image who made both, and less expressing
  498. The character of that Dominion giv'n
  499. O're other Creatures; yet when I approach
  500. Her loveliness, so absolute she seems
  501. And in her self compleat, so well to know
  502. Her own, that what she wills to do or say,
  503. Seems wisest, vertuousest, discreetest, best;
  504. All higher knowledge in her presence falls
  505. Degraded, Wisdom in discourse with her
  506. Looses discount'nanc't, and like folly shewes;
  507. Authority and Reason on her waite,
  508. As one intended first, not after made
  509. Occasionally; and to consummate all,
  510. Greatness of mind and nobleness thir seat
  511. Build in her loveliest, and create an awe
  512. About her, as a guard Angelic plac't.
  513. To whom the Angel with contracted brow.
  514. Accuse not Nature, she hath don her part;
  515. Do thou but thine, and be not diffident
  516. Of Wisdom, she deserts thee not, if thou
  517. Dismiss not her, when most thou needst her nigh,
  518. By attributing overmuch to things
  519. Less excellent, as thou thy self perceav'st.
  520. For what admir'st thou, what transports thee so,
  521. An outside? fair no doubt, and worthy well
  522. Thy cherishing, thy honouring, and thy love,
  523. Not thy subjection: weigh with her thy self;
  524. Then value: Oft times nothing profits more
  525. Then self esteem, grounded on just and right
  526. Well manag'd; of that skill the more thou know'st,
  527. The more she will acknowledge thee her Head,
  528. And to realities yield all her shows:
  529. Made so adorn for thy delight the more,
  530. So awful, that with honour thou maist love
  531. Thy mate, who sees when thou art seen least wise.
  532. But if the sense of touch whereby mankind
  533. Is propagated seem such dear delight
  534. Beyond all other, think the same voutsaf't
  535. To Cattel and each Beast; which would not be
  536. To them made common and divulg'd, if aught
  537. Therein enjoy'd were worthy to subdue
  538. The Soule of Man, or passion in him move.
  539. What higher in her societie thou findst
  540. Attractive, human, rational, love still;
  541. In loving thou dost well, in passion not,
  542. Wherein true Love consists not; love refines
  543. The thoughts, and heart enlarges, hath his seat
  544. In Reason, and is judicious, is the scale
  545. By which to heav'nly Love thou maist ascend,
  546. Not sunk in carnal pleasure, for which cause
  547. Among the Beasts no Mate for thee was found.
  548. To whom thus half abash't Adam repli'd.
  549. Neither her out-side formd so fair, nor aught
  550. In procreation common to all kindes
  551. (Though higher of the genial Bed by far,
  552. And with mysterious reverence I deem)
  553. So much delights me as those graceful acts,
  554. Those thousand decencies that daily flow
  555. From all her words and actions mixt with Love
  556. And sweet compliance, which declare unfeign'd
  557. Union of Mind, or in us both one Soule;
  558. Harmonie to behold in wedded pair
  559. More grateful then harmonious sound to the eare.
  560. Yet these subject not; I to thee disclose
  561. What inward thence I feel, not therefore foild,
  562. Who meet with various objects, from the sense
  563. Variously representing; yet still free
  564. Approve the best, and follow what I approve.
  565. To Love thou blam'st me not, for love thou saist
  566. Leads up to Heav'n, is both the way and guide;
  567. Bear with me then, if lawful what I ask;
  568. Love not the heav'nly Spirits, and how thir Love
  569. Express they, by looks onely, or do they mix
  570. Irradiance, virtual or immediate touch?
  571. To whom the Angel with a smile that glow'd
  572. Celestial rosie red, Loves proper hue,
  573. Answer'd. Let it suffice thee that thou know'st
  574. Us happie, and without Love no happiness.
  575. Whatever pure thou in the body enjoy'st
  576. (And pure thou wert created) we enjoy
  577. In eminence, and obstacle find none
  578. Of membrane, joynt, or limb, exclusive barrs:
  579. Easier then Air with Air, if Spirits embrace,
  580. Total they mix, Union of Pure with Pure
  581. Desiring; nor restrain'd conveyance need
  582. As Flesh to mix with Flesh, or Soul with Soul.
  583. But I can now no more; the parting Sun
  584. Beyond the Earths green Cape and verdant Isles
  585. Hesperean sets, my Signal to depart.
  586. Be strong, live happie, and love, but first of all
  587. Him whom to love is to obey, and keep
  588. His great command; take heed lest Passion sway
  589. Thy Judgment to do aught, which else free Will
  590. Would not admit; thine and of all thy Sons
  591. The weal or woe in thee is plac't; beware.
  592. I in thy persevering shall rejoyce,
  593. And all the Blest: stand fast; to stand or fall
  594. Free in thine own Arbitrement it lies.
  595. Perfet within, no outward aid require;
  596. And all temptation to transgress repel.
  597. So saying, he arose; whom Adam thus
  598. Follow'd with benediction. Since to part,
  599. Go heavenly Guest, Ethereal Messenger,
  600. Sent from whose sovran goodness I adore.
  601. Gentle to me and affable hath been
  602. Thy condescension, and shall be honour'd ever
  603. With grateful Memorie: thou to mankind
  604. Be good and friendly still, and oft return.
  605. So parted they, the Angel up to Heav'n
  606. From the thick shade, and Adam to his Bowre.


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